How To Calculate Number Of Bricks, Cement And Sand For Brickwork?

Brickwork Calculation & Formula

Standard Size of Brick = 190 x 90 x 90 (mm)  Quality check of brick
Mortar Thickness is = 10 mm

Assume the size of brickwork

Wall Size = 1 x 1 x 1 = 1 meter cube

First we are find volume of single brick without mortar Standard size of brick

Volume of Brick Without Mortar  = 0.19 x 0.09 x 0.09

                                                                   = 0.001539 meter cube

Than we have to find volume of 1 brick with mortar

Volume of 1 Brick with Mortar = 0.20 x 0.1 x 0.1

                                                              = 0.002 meter cube

Number of brick required in brick work Volume = 1

Number of Bricks with mortar                     = 1/0.002    = 500 Nos.

Quantity of Mortar Volume is = Volume of wall – (Volume of Brick without mortar X Number of brick required )

Quantity of Mortar Volume is      = 1 –(0.001539 x 500)

                                                                 = 1-0.7695 = 0.2305 meter cube


Now we Calculate Mortar quantity of cement and sand Ratio is 1:6

Mortar quantity is 0.2305 (Wet Condition) we calculate Dry Value
Dry Mortar Value is = 0.2305 x 1.33 = 0.306565 m3

Cement Calculation

Volume = Volume of Mortar x (Ratio of Cement/ Sum of ratio)

Volume = 0.306565x (1/7) = 0.0438
Bags = 0.0438 x 1440 = 63.06 KG

Sand Calculation

Volume = Volume of Mortar x (Ratio of sand / Sum of ratio)

Volume = 0.306565x (6/7) = 0.2627
CFT = 0.2627 x 35.31 = 9.27841

Therefore- all materials required for 1 Cubic Meter Brick is,

Numbers of Brick- 500

Cement required – 63 kg

Sand Quantity     – 0.2627 Cubic Meter

Also, you can download an Excel sheet for this calculation

excel sheet


hope you will understand how to calculate brick quantity or mortar Calculation for Cement & Sand.  


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28 Responses

  1. thanesh says:

    i need mo re explantion about more topic related of civil

  2. Pranjal says:

    Sir how to calculte a painting quantity

  3. D.Swapna says:

    Thank You for the clear calculation given……

  4. Arun kumar says:

    Good calculation sir

  5. Aditya says:

    please update file of excel its corrupted .

  6. Kanani silver says: is easy and wellestimated

  7. So glad I found this site! Super helpful

  8. Civil Engineer 9 says:

    This is very helpful! Thank you, sir.

  9. Muweleza geofrey says:


  10. kalyan k says:


  11. Tummy says:

    This excel is not helping since we use area of a wall to calculate bricks minus the opening. For solid wall yes is helpful because there are no opening so consider the opening when doing this type of excel
    Thank you

    • Tutorial Tips Civil says:

      yes you are right, but not all plan is same, every location bricks size is different, so this excel will help to to calculate.

  12. Junior says:

    What is the ratio for calculating sand and cement in one block brick.size 400x200x150

    • Tutorial Tips Civil says:

      just download the excel sheet and put brick size 400x200x150 mm and put your mortar thickness, you will get your answer.

  13. Anil Anand says:

    Dear Sir/Madam
    Please guide me bricks, Plaster, wall putty, hou can calculate of cubic meters and square foot.
    Please send me pdf files Sir

  14. Okolo Innocent says:

    I need more experience for engineering work

  15. faisal says:

    How to calculate this quantity in 1 sqft brick wall ?

  16. N Ravi Sankar says:

    its simple and helpful for others too and please send plastering,concrete,painting,quatity formulas.

  17. Mahesh says:

    Guidance for micro concreting and in jacketin

  18. Mahesh says:

    Guidance for micro concreting and in jacketin ratio, quantity, rate, gravting steel,

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