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TOP TO DOWN CONSTRUCTION METHOD

WHAT IS TOP TO DOWN CONSTRUCTION?

We have various method for built a building, This method is very advance and unique to construct a building simultaneously both direction up or down this method called top to down construction..

INTRODUCTION

• Conventionally, buildings with underground basement are built by Bottom-up method
• But it is not feasible for the gigantic projects with limited construction time and/or with space and other site constraints.
• The Top-Down construction method enables the superstructure and the underground structure to be built simultaneously.
• This technique can reduce construction time significantly.

METHODOLOGY

• Installation of Diaphragm wall.
• Installation Wall Barrette Piles.
• Excavation of Soil just below Ground slab.
• Provide Structural strut to support diaphragm wall
• Exposed Coupler bars/Dowel bars from Diaphragm.
• R.C.C. slab to be cast with suitable size opening for further construction.
• After Casting slab, excavation to continued through opening.
• Excavation to be continued till lowest basement slab level.

  1. Installation of Diaphragm wall

  1. Excavation & Installation of Steel Strut

  1. Construction of Underground Structure

  1. Next level of Construction of Underground Structure

  1. Construction of side walls & Remove the Strut

  1. Backfilling & Reinstatement

a. EXECUTION OF DIAPHRAGM WALLS

b. CONSTRUCTION OF PILES WITH PLUNGE COLUMNS

c. CONSTRUCTION OF SLAB

d. TOP-DOWN CONSTRUCTION

e. TOP-DOWN CONSTRUCTION

There are some advantages and disadvantages of this method

ADVANTAGES

• The shortened construction period due to simultaneous construction.
• More operational space gained from advanced construction of floor slabs.
• It is highly suitable for construction for tall buildings with deep basements to be constructed in urban areas.
• These can be installed in close proximity to existing structure with minimal loss of support to existing foundations.

DISADVANTAGES

• Higher cost.
• The lateral displacement of retaining wall or ground settlement may possible.
• The construction quality may influence.
• It requires highly skilled supervision and labor force.

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1 Response

  1. WOW! Who knew there were that many different ways to construct a building! Great info!

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